History

Origins: The Ten Generations from Adam to Noah

Shalom, everyone! The following is a diagram of the ten generations from Adam to Noah (Noach), based upon the accounts of the Book of Genesis (Bereshith) in the Tanakh, the Book of Jasher, and the Book of Jubilees. Additional information on each generation is available in the table below this diagram. Please click twice on the diagram to expand to full size:


 


The Ten Generations from Adam to Noah:

Generation Members of the Generation and their Issue
 First
  • Adam and Eve were the first generation of humans on the Earth. The man Adam was created by YHVH Elohim from the dust of the Earth. The woman Eve was formed from Adam.
  • Adam and Eve begot six children (Jasher 1:12, 2:1): Three sons CainAbel and Seth, and three daughters Awan and Azura (Jubilees 4:1-8), and one whose name is unknown.
Second
  • Cain and Awan: Cain married his sister Awan and had issue, one son Enoch.
  • Abel: Slain by Cain. Had no issue.
  • Seth and Azura: Seth married his sister Azura and had issue, one son Enosh and one daughter Noam (Jubilees 4:11-13).
  • NOTE: Although in the early years after the creation of the world, sexual relations between first-degree family members were permitted to populate the Earth, these relationships are now FORBIDDEN by the Torah.
 Descendants of Cain  Descendants of Seth
Third Enoch: Had issue:

  • One son Irad.
Enosh and Noam: Enosh married his sister Noam, and had issue (Jubilees 4:13-14):

  • One son Kenan (Cainan);
  • One daughter Mualeleth
Fourth Irad: Had issue:

  • One son Mehuyael
Kenan and Mualeleth: Kenan married his sister Mualeleth and (Jubilees 4:14) had issue (Jasher 2: 16):

  • Three sons Mahalalel, Enan and Mered;
  • Two daughters Adah and Zillah.
Fifth Mehuyael: Had issue:

  • One son Methusael
Mahalel: Married Dinah, daughter of Baraki’el, his father’s brother (Jubilees 4:15), and had issue:

  • One son Jared.
 Sixth Methusael: Had issue:

  • One son Lamech
Jared: Married Baraka, the daughter of Rasujal, his father’s brother (Jubilees 4:16), and had issue:

  • One son Enoch.
 Seventh Lamech: Married Adah and Zillah, the two daughters of Kenan, grandson of Seth, and had issue:

  • w/Adah: Two sons Jabal and Jubal (Jasher 2:17-18).
  • w/Zillah: One son Tubal-Cain and one daughter Naamah (Jasher 2:23-25).
Enoch: Married Edni, daughter of Danel, his father’s brother (Jubilees 4:20), and had issue (Jasher 3:13):

  • Three sons Methuselah, Elishaa and Elimelech;
  • Two daughters Melcah and Naamah.
 Eighth No information recorded in the Books of Genesis, Jasher or Jubilees. Methuselah:  Married Edna, the daughter of Azrial, his father’s brother (Jubilees 4:27) and had issue:

  • Three sons LamechEliakim (Jasher 5:35); and Rake’el (Jubilees 4:33).

Elishaa: Also known as Baraki’il, had issue:

  • One daughter Betenos a/k/a Ashmua
 Ninth No information recorded in the Books of Genesis, Jasher or Jubilees. Lamech: Married Betenos/Ashmua, daughter of Baraki’il/Elishaa, his father’s brother (Jubilees 4:28/Jasher 4:11), and had issue:

  • One son Noah.

Eliakim: Had issue (Jasher 5:35):

  • Three daughters, Ne’elatama’uk, Adataneses, and Sedeqetelebab (Jubilees 7:14-16). These daughters would marry Noah‘s three sons (Jasher 5:35).

Rake’el: Had issue (Jubilees 4:33): 

  • One daughter Emzara.
 Tenth No information recorded in the Books of Genesis, Jasher or Jubilees.  All the descendants of Cain after Lamech are presumed to have died out in the Great Flood. Noah: Married Emzara, daughter of Rake’el (Jubilees 4:33), his father’s brother, and had issue: 

  • Three sons Shem, Ham, and Japheth.

Note: Alternatively, Noah‘s wife is listed as Naamah, the younger daughter of Enoch, Noah‘s great-grandfather (Jasher 3:13). The Jasher account also states that she is the mother of Shem and Japheth; Ham‘s birth is not recorded.

 

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3 replies »

  1. Hello, I would like to say this is a very nice looking family tree line.
    I think I found a small issue in the graphic though. I figure you would appreciate if I would tell you so if you still have the file for editing you can fix it.

    Methushael is missing the Methus-[h]-ael in the end of the name when compared to the text below the graphic.

    Like

    • Thank you for bringing this to our attention. We’ve corrected the error in the accompanying text. The graphic is actually correct.

      Like

  2. Eliakim: Had issue (Jasher 5:35): Three daughters, Ne’elatama’uk, Adataneses, and Sedeqetelebab (Jubilees 7:14-16). These daughters would marry Noah‘s three sons (Jasher 5:35)

    The names of the three daughters don’t look correct from what I read in Jubilees. This seems to be due to a mistaken translation.

    Jubilees 7:17 says: ויבן לו עיר ויקרא שמה כשם אשתו נחלת עמק: “And he (Ham) built for himself a city, and called its name after the name of his wife Nahhalat Emek(or Nahhalat Amok)”. There aren’t vowel marks in the copy I found, so I don’t know if it’s meant to be read as Emek or Amok. Either way the name seems to be the name of the city, not the name of his wife, and Ne’elatama’uk is a mistaken translation.

    “Nahhalat” means the inheritance of, or possession of, aka the city is named the possession of Emek/Amok. This is similar to how there’s a city called Scottsdale – meaning the dale named after Scott, or Abottsford named for Abott, or Huntsville, the ville (city) named for George Hunt etc…

    The name of Ham’s wife, the daughter of Eliakim, could therefore be Emek, or Amok, (meaning valley or deep) or something similar to that. Since when a city is named after a person it also happens that some variant similar to the person’s name is used, and not the exact name itself, it could also be something similar to, but not quite the same as Emek/Amok. Examples from the Bible would be Gilead, derived from gal‛êd, which in turn comes from gal (hill) and ed (witness), and also Penuel which is also called Peniel, from the words panim (face) and El (G-d), named this by Jacob because “It is because I saw God face to face, and yet my life was spared.” (Gen. 32:31)

    And since Emek means valley or vale, it could even be that Ham’s wife’s name isn’t even included here, because the city he named for her might just be named (her) inheritance in the valley, or something along those lines.

    Similarly with the name of the wife of Japheth, the text actually gives the name of a city he named after her, and seemingly not her actual name. וירא יפת ויקנא באחיו ויבן עיר גם הוא ויקרא לה כשם אשתו אדותן ילק “And Japheth saw, and became envious of his brother, and he too built a city, and he called its name after the name of his wife Adotan Yelek (or Odotan, or Edotan Yelek)” (Jubilees 7:18)

    I’m not sure how to translate Adotan but it could be “on behalf of” like in Gen 21:11, Gen 21:25, and Num 12:1. So the city he named could be called (maybe?) “On behalf of Yelek” possibly. Adataneses, as far as I can tell, is a mistaken way to translate his wife’s name anyhow.

    The same goes for the name of Shem’s wife. Jubilees 7:19 says: ושֶם שכן על פני אביו נוח ויבן עיר אצל אביו על יד ההר ויקרא שמה גם הוא כשם אשתו צדקת לבב “And Shem dwelt with his father Noah, and he built a city close to his father on the mountain, and he too called its name after the name of his wife, Tzedek Levav.”

    Tzedek means upright, or just, or righteous, and levav means heart. I don’t know what his wife’s name actually was, but that seems to be the name of the city he named on her behalf, and perhaps he gave the city this name in tribute to her, saying that she was righteous of heart, but that doesn’t mean it was her name. Anyhow Sedeqetelebab is not a great translation, and doesn’t seem to be her name but the name of the city, the same as with the other brothers.

    Hope that’s helpful to someone.

    Like

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