Shalom, everyone! Rosh Chodesh Aviv, the first day of the First Month, also known as Aviv, begins sundown Friday, March 16, 2018, on the Hebrew calendar, with the sighting of the new moon (first visible crescent). Rosh Chodesh Aviv marks the first day of the ecclesiastical new year and the beginning of preparations for the annual mo’edim of Pesach (Passover), Chag HaHaMatzot (Feast of Unleavened Bread), and the start of Sefirat HaOmer (Counting of the Omer). “Chodesh Tov” (“A Good Month”) from Gevirah.com to all who celebrate!
About This Month
Aviv, the First Month of the ecclesiastical Hebrew calendar, is a named month in the Tanakh. According to the Torah, Aviv marks the beginning of the counting of months of the year and the beginning of the religious/ecclesiastical calendar for marking the annual mo’edim (appointed times):
“The LORD said to Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt: This month shall mark for you the beginning of the months; it shall be the first of the months of the year for you,” ~ Exodus 12:1-2
The word “Aviv” is a Canaanite-Phoenician word which has several meanings including “spring” (one of the four seasons), “green ears (of corn),” and the stage when grain seeds have reached full growth and have filled with the necessary starch indicating maturity for harvest. During the course of the Babylonian Exile, the first month was named “Nisan,” a word of Assyrian-Babylonian origin. In the Tanakh, the first time this month is called “Nisan” is in Esther 3:7.
Aviv always begins with the first new moon after the arrival of the Vernal (Spring) Equinox. The first day of Aviv cannot precede the arrival of the Vernal (Spring) Equinox as this will cause the calendar to be out of sync, and the dates of the mo’edim to arrive outside of the seasons The Creator designated for them.
The following are the holidays and special events that occur during the month of Aviv (Nisan):
- 1 of Aviv – the first day of the ecclesiastical New Year
- 14 of Aviv – Passover
- 15-21 of Aviv – Chag HaMatzot (Feast of Unleavened Bread)
The following are some of the significant events in Israelite history which occurred during the month of Aviv (Nisan):
- 1 of Aviv – Elohim instructs Noah to build the Ark warning him of the Flood. After the Flood, Noah opens the Ark window and sees dry land.
- 1 of Aviv (circa 1456 BCE) – First commandment is given to the House of Israel (Exodus 12:1-2)
- 1 of Aviv (circa 1455 BCE) – Mishkan (Tabernacle) inaugurated; death of Nadav and Avihu
- 1 of Aviv (2127 AM) – Birth of Judah, son of Jacob.
- 7 of Aviv (circa 1416 BCE) – Joshua sends two spies to Jericho.
- 10 of Aviv (circa 1417 BCE) – Death of Miriam, 39 years after the Exodus.
- 10 of Aviv (circa 1416 BCE) – The Israelites cross the Jordan river into Canaan (Joshua 4)
- 13 of Aviv (circa 474 BCE) – Haman’s decree to annihilate the Judeans is passed.
- 15 of Aviv (circa 1713 BCE) – Birth of Isaac
- 15 of Aviv (Nisan) (circa 474 BCE) Esther appears before Achashverosh unsummoned and invites him and Haman to a feast to be held the same day. During the feast she requests that the king and Haman attend a second feast the next day.
- 16 of Aviv (Nisan) (circa 474 BCE) – Esther’s second feast during which she accuses Haman regarding his plot to annihilate her nation. Achashverosh orders his servants to hang Haman.
- 16 of Aviv (circa 1273 BCE) – The Children of Israel stop eating Manna, six days after entering the Holy Land.
- 17 of Aviv (circa 24th century BCE) Noah’s Ark came to rest on mountains of Ararat.
- 17 of Aviv (Nisan) (circa 474 BCE) – Haman hanged after Queen Esther’s second drinking party.
- 21 of Aviv (circa 1456 BCE) – The sea splits, allowing Israel to escape the Egyptian army.
- 26 of Aviv (circa 1386 BCE) – Death of Joshua
- 28 of Aviv (circa 1415 BCE) – Conquest of Jericho by Joshua (Joshua 6).
- Ancient Calendars – Canaan
- Ancient Hebrew Forum – The Names of the Months in the Ancient Hebrew Calendar
- Feast of First Fruits and the Ancient Canaanite Calendar