Shalom, everyone! Rosh Chodesh Ziv, the first day of the Second Month, also known as Iyar, begins sundown Sunday, April 15, 2018 on the Hebrew calendar, with the sighting of the new moon (first visible crescent). Rosh Chodesh Ziv marks the continued counting of the Omer until the annual mo’ed of Shavuot, and Pesach Sheni (Second Passover) for those who did not have the opportunity to eat the Passover meal at its appointed time in the First Month (Aviv). “Chodesh Tov” (“A Good Month”) from Gevirah.com to all who celebrate!
About This Month
The Second Month of the ecclesiastical Hebrew calendar is first named “Ziv” in the Tanakh, where it is mentioned as the month during which King Solomon began building the Holy Temple in Jerusalem:
“In the four hundred and eightieth year after the Israelites left the land of Egypt, in the month of Ziv—that is, the second month—in the fourth year of his reign over Israel, Solomon began to build the House of the LORD,”~ 1 Kings 6:1
“Ziv” is a Hebrew word which has multiple meanings including “light” or “glow.” After the Babylonian Exile, the month of Ziv became known as “Iyar.” The word “Iyar” is from the Akkadian word “ayyaru“ meaning “Rosette” or “blossom.”
The following are the holidays and special events that occur during the month of Ziv (Iyar):
- 14 of Ziv – Pesach Sheni (Second Passover)
- All of Ziv – Continued Sefirat HaOmer (Counting of the Omer)
The following are some of the significant events in Israelite history which occurred during the month of Ziv (Iyar):
- 7 of Ziv (c. 498 BCE) – Jerusalem‘s rebuilt walls are dedicated, nearly 88 years after the destruction by Nebuchadnezzar.
- 10 of Ziv (11th Century BCE) – Death of Eli the High Priest and his two sons.
- 14 of Ziv (c. 1312 BCE) – “Second Passover” – an additional opportunity to offer the paschal sacrifice, for individuals who were impure on the main Passover holiday. (Numbers 9:2-14).
- 17 of Ziv/Iyar (66 CE) – Judeans attack and defeat the Roman garrison in Jerusalem, following the theft of silver from the Holy Temple.
- 20 of Ziv (c. 1312 BCE) – The Children of Israel departed their encampment near Mount Sinai.
- 28 of Ziv (c. 1020 BCE) – Death of Samuel the Prophet.
- Ancient Calendars – Canaan
- Ancient Hebrew Forum – The Names of the Months in the Ancient Hebrew Calendar
- Feast of First Fruits and the Ancient Canaanite Calendar