Shalom, everyone! Rosh Chodesh Mattan, the first day of the Third Month, begins sundown Monday, May 14, 2018, on the Hebrew calendar, with the sighting of the new moon (first visible crescent). Rosh Chodesh Mattan marks the continued counting of the Omer and the annual mo’ed of Shavuot. Gevirah.com wishes a “Chodesh Tov” (“A Good Month”) to all who observe!
Mattan, the Third Month of the ecclesiastical Hebrew calendar, is of great significance because it was during this month that the Torah was given the Nation of Israel at Mount Sinai, after our Exodus from Mizraim (Egypt). The word “Mattan” is a Canaanite-Phoenician word meaning “gift (of crops).” After the Babylonian Exile, however, Mattan became known as “Sivan.” The word “Sivan” is from the Akkadian word “simānu“ meaning “season” or “time.”
The following are the holidays and special events that occur during the month of Mattan (Sivan):
- 2nd week of Mattan – Shavuot
The following are some of the significant events in Israelite history which occurred during the month of Mattan (Sivan):
- During Mattan (2410 AM) – The Torah was given to Moses at Mt. Sinai and thus observed as the holiday of Shavuot.
- 23 of Mattan/Sivan (474 BCE) – Mordechai and Esther sent letters so that the Judeans shall prepare themselves for the annihilation plan orchestrated by Haman to be committed against them on the 13th of the following Adar/Hayir.
- Ancient Calendars – Canaan
- Ancient Hebrew Forum – The Names of the Months in the Ancient Hebrew Calendar
- Feast of First Fruits and the Ancient Canaanite Calendar