Shalom, everyone! Rosh Chodesh Karar, the first day of the Fifth Month, begins sundown Thursday, August 1, 2019, on the Hebrew calendar, with the sighting of the new moon (first visible crescent). Gevirah.com wishes a “Chodesh Tov” (“A Good Month”) to all who observe!
About This Month
Karar is the Fifth Month of the ecclesiastical Hebrew calendar. The word “Karar” is a Canaanite-Phoenician word meaning “heat (of summer).” After the Babylonian exile, the Fifth Month became known as “Av.” The word “Av” comes from the Akkadian word “Abu“ which means “father.” In Hebrew, the word “Av” also means “father.”
The following are the holidays and special events that occur during the month of Karar (Av):
- 9 of Karar (Av) – Tisha B’Av (Fast of the Fifth Month)
The following are some of the significant events in Israelite history which occurred during the month of Karar (Av):
- 1 of Karar (circa 1273 BCE) – Death of high priest Aaron
- 1 of Karar (Av) (513 BCE) – Ezra and his followers arrive in Israel
- 7 of Karar (586 BCE) – First Temple invaded by King Nebuchadnezzar
- 7 of Karar (Av) (67 CE) – Civil war breaks out in besieged Jerusalem; one group set fire to the city’s food stores, which is said to have quickened starvation.
- 9 of Karar (586 BCE) – Holy Temple destroyed by the Babylonians
- 9 of Karar (Av) (70 CE) – Holy Temple destroyed by the Romans respectively.
- 9 of Karar (Av) (133 CE) – Fall of Betar to the Romans, ending Bar Kochba’s rebellion.
- 10 of Karar (Av) (70 CE) – The Holy Temple, set on fire the previous day, finishes burning.
- 15 of Karar (Av) – The Day of the Breaking of the Ax – when the Holy Temple existed, the cutting of firewood for the altar was completed on this date every year. The event was celebrated by feasting, rejoicing, and the ceremonial breaking of the axes.